IEEE 802.11 is standard use world widely for Wireless Local Area network, WLAN, it stands for Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. In simple words it is standard of communication between computers and wireless devices. The standards were set by IEEE LAN/MAN Standard committee in 5GHZ and 2.4 GHz public spectrum bands.
The IEEE 802.11 is consisting of of numerous mechanism and services that interrelate to present station mobility translucent to the higher layers of the network mass. IEEE 802.11 is a combination of wireless LAN. We can use IEEE 802.11 and WiFi often as interchangeably depends on market demand. It is a basic protocol of any high speed wireless network from 1997 to 2008. There are lots of change occurred in it but the basics “high performance” never change. The frequency of it is from 2.4 GHz to 5 GHz and range is from 100 meter to 5000 meter. It specifies a single medium access control as MAC and three physical layers and offering different service such as Authentication of system, Deauthentication of system, data privacy, MSDU delivery, Association with files and system, Disassociation, Distribution of data, Integration of information, and Reassociation. You can configure a station with IEEE 802.11 in different ways as independent configuration, and infra-structure configuration. The IEEE 802.11 starts from the need to connect more than one computer with each other wirelessly especially where the wire cannot go.
IEEE 802.11 required accepting device to activate in a peer-to-peer fashion within the possibly of overlie same as access control level and data transformation services to allow top layers .There are several physical layer represent signaling methods and interfaces. Solitude and safety of user data is being moved over the wireless media via IEEE 802.11.According to OSI model an IEEE 802.11 protocol having direct frequency, hopping sequence, spread spectrum PHY and infrared PHY. IEEE 802.11 specifies a single medium access sub layers called MAC and physical layers with different specifications. The first is physical layers having two radio and infrared. The physical layer contain Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum Radio PHY offering 1 Mbit/s with two level and 2 Mbit/s with 4 level, As it is Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Radio PHY provides DBPSK and DQPSK with 1 and 2 Mbit/s operation, Infrared PHYoffer 1 Mbit/s with16-PPM and 2 Mbit/s with –PPM.
These days 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g are mostly in use to create a network home, offices and commercial locations. The architecture of IEEE 802.11 consists of 802.1X for verification, RSN for maintenance track of links, and AES-based CCMP to provide privacy, veracity and basis. IEEE 802.11with the propagation of modems and DSL services makes it reliable. People always desire to set up small networks in their homes to distribute their elevated rate Internet connection. There are many free networks commonly permit anyone within specific range, counting passersby outer, to connect to the Internet. There is also hard work by unpaid helper groups to launch wireless community networks to provide free wireless connectivity to the public. Networking without wire has a talented prospect with 802.11.The dynamic nature of IEEE 802.11 increasing radically in the near future.