Processor is a logical circuitry unit which is embedded in printed main board (or motherboard), which responds to instructions and also help in running programs like OS, and others like Windows Office etc. The processor is commonly known a central processing unit or CPU. Which is a small silicone chip aimed to perform complex computations. There are many types of processors like AMD (advanced Micro devices), Intel processors and DSP (Digital signal Processing) processors. But for now this article is going to be introduction to AMD processors .
AMD is basically an American semi conductor company which provides processors and related technologies like motherboards, chip sets, embedded processors, graphic processors, personal computers, games, consoles and many handheld devices. However if you compare it with the world’s leading processor supplier like Intel it comes in the second place. AMD was founded in 1969 in Sunnyvale USA. It was considered to be the second largest supplier of X86 Architecture and third largest supplier of graphic processors. From the time of its inception it is rival and the leading competitor of Intel, the worlds leading processors supplier. AMD is a manufacturer of many leading processors technologies like AM2900, AMD 29K, AMD7910 and AMD7911. In 2006 AMD started a successful merger with ATI technologies and it was such successful effort that ATI is now part of AMD. The various generations of microprocessors include AM2900 series,X86 Architecture processors, K5 series, K6 series,K7 series, K8 series, K9 series and K10 series.
The Technology Used in AMD
The different series of processors were based on different architecture and technologies. First generation AMD processors like AM2900 were created in 1975. The basic design of this technology is founded on the principles of slice topology. The purpose of the slice technology is to make them compatible components for computer control unit. AM29000 was created on the RISC strategy. RISC or reduced instruction set computer is a type of standard for the design of CPU. Am29100 is a list of supporting chips and micro controllers. These processors are really intelligent that they can even perform the operations of the softwares. AM29200 family was intended for the microcontroller computer. The Am29300, AM29400, AM29500, Am29600, AM29700, Am29800 and Am29900 are also among the list of Am2900 family. Next family of microprocessors is X86 Architecture which was a variable length dual address design with focus on backward compatibility. The entire K series is associated with AMD’s x86 processors. Opteron was the first processor to run the AMD86 instruction set. It was released in 2003. This processor was aim to compete with the server and workstation market which was already captured by Intel Xeon.
Some Important Features of the AMD Processors
An important feature of AMD processors is advance clock calibration, which alters the internal settings of the computer by allowing individual settings of the core and the CPU. AMD overdrive allows for the real time adjustments in the systems. another important feature of AMD, is AMD virtualization , which is known as the virtual extension of AMD 86 processors. Cool and quiet is another promising feature of AMD processors which allows for low voltage and power utilization and hence low temperature of the PC. Enhanced virus protection is also an interesting feature of today’s AMD processors which prevents the buffer overloading and attack of malicious viruses. Presidio is a viable feature of AMD processors because it makes use of particular commands for trusted computations. Hyper transport is a major replacement for front buses and can also be used for direct connect architecture. Thermal design power is a technology and feature which helps the processors to determine the maximum heat they have to deal with. The CPU or there processors are the brain of the PC and there are unlimited features and types of modern processors it is your duty to find a suitable processors catering your needs well.