Network cables are using every where in the networks all over the world. They are used to directly connect, interconnect the same or different networks within the same and separate compute network for the purpose of information exchange between the multiple users they are widely used with almost all types of the network topologies worldwide. There are different types of networks that are chosen according to the need and type of the network for which they are used. They are available in different categories each with the separate design and physical properties according to the network suitability. The use of the network cable was started in 1980s when physical connection was nee between the different computers for the sake of communication. Later on they became most use medium for maintaining the reliable connections between the networks.
Types of Cables in networking
At first the trend as started with the Coaxial cables which became highly popular but new technology provide a replacement with the direct connectors and after that fiber optic technology brought tremendous change in the existing network cables. All types of the cables are chosen according to the requirements of the maximum size and need of eth data transfer.
The first type of the network cables that are used in many networks are the Coaxial cables. These cables are available in different further classifications such as 10 Base these are recognized as the original network cables. These cables are constructed with the coaxial wire typically RG-58A/U or other similar elements and terminated at the end wit the BNC connectors. These cables provide good data safety and prevents the data leakage .Segments of the cable are connected to the network at the end of every connecting device .these cable are the best fit for the networks that are 600 feet long.
Twisted Pair Cables:
Another type of the networking cables are the twisted pair cables. These cables are typically designed and constructed by using the twisted pair technology .Twisted pair cables are the next major technology introduced after the coaxial cable and found much better then the original cables. These cables have four wire termination pair most known are the RJ45 connectors. They provide high data transfer speed with minimal chance of the distortion such as noise and data leakage .There maximum length that these cables offers is 300 feet.CAT5 cables are notorious for its short length and some time distance restriction makes them unsuitable for the large networks but the further enchantments have mad these CAT5 cables suitable for the networks with 1000 feet 100 base TX Ethernet fats technology has been used to equip the existing twisted pair technology with high speed and extension factors .These are known as CAT5e.At first 100 base method was used which slower the overall performance of the cable but later on 100 base technology were used which gave birth to the next level of Cat cables such as CATe5, and advanced CATe6,CATe7 which are capable of connecting the networks over 3300 feet .Still they are known as the best transmission surfers between the interconnected networks with consistent and reliable performance. Over 1000 Giga bytes of data can travel through these cables in the form of packets and digital signals.
The third and final type of the network cables are the Fiber optic cables. These cable completely lie in the different category due to the construction elements which ah fully replaced the normal copper wring with the completely glass or some times plastic medium for the transmission of the data. Fiber connectors are us o terminate these cables .they are available in the single and multi modes and can cover widest range of eth area than the other types of the network cables.