What is FCMA and how it works?
Fixed-Mobile Convergence Alliance (fcma) is a non-profit organization working globally to improve the products through which convergence is provided to customers. This organization was formed in mid of 2005 and was registered in 2006 under New York laws. In few years this alliance has made tremendous growth and is today associated with 20 leading telecom operators round the world which are associated with both fixed and mobile networks.Besides members there are different programs for vendors who want associate with this organization on small scale. This feature enables small vendors to work closely with the associate members, who are major telecommunication vendors.
Currently this non-profit organization was founded by collaboration of six companies including British Telecom, NTT, Rogers Wireless, Brasil Telecom, Korea Telecom and Swisscom.The only purpose of these alliances was to encourage seamless integration of mobile and fixed telephone services which is also known as technological convergence. Today member operators are handling more than 850 million customersand small vendors are also enjoying accelerated development. The collaboration with vendors has ensured availability of Convergence products and services in areas such as devices, access points and home gateways, roaming and innovative applications
Many goals of FMCA are still in the row and waiting for their turn of processing and development. This achieve those goals this organization has developed close relationships with leading Standards Development, Specification & Certification Organizations (SDO/Fora), including the Wi-Fi Alliance, Wireless Broadband Alliance, Home Gateway Initiative and 3GPP.This step is contributing in progress and delivery of emerging standards of products and services associated with this organization.
This organization worked hard with its members to provide a mutual learning platform to accelerate the development and availability of easy to use, convergence products and services.FMCA encouraged the trend of convergence of fixed and mobile networks, by turning the mobile phone into a single multimedia device. But this all turned out as a problem for telecommunications operators, as they faced difficulties in communicating with several domestic and/or international vendors when deploying their businesses internationally.Its purpose was to accelerate the adoption of the Convergence technologies by encouraging consistency across product and equipment standards instead of creating new standards. But this scenario was not clear to everyone at that time, therefore this organization was banned. Later on March 2012 FMCA was disbanded and today it is functioning properly.
Fixed-Mobile Convergence framework:
As we discussed earlier about FMCA and aim of its existence, now we are going to talk about technology on basis of which this Alliance was founded.
Mobility: FMC provides user feasibility of moving anywhere with sure wireless access to their network. Some important aspects to consider for this feature includes identification of user, location, presence, attributes and preference of the user, identification of registrar, and service node.
Session:this feature provides ease to manage sessions originating and terminating in both the fixed and mobile environments.Some important aspects that FMC consider in this framework include control over sessions, admission control, charging, transport, connectivity, naming and addressing schemes, and address resolution protocols.
QoS: under this feature quality of service deliver is monitored. Besides this QoS classes, Bearer negotiation, Interaction between QoS and Session control, Resource reservation, and QoS assured pre-conditions are also considered.
- Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA): this solution offers access to GSM and GPRS mobile services over unlicensed spectrum technologies like Bluetooth, WiMax, or Ultra Wideband (UWB) etc.It ensures transparency for basic voice and messaging services by providing a specific mechanism for delivering the GSM protocols over IP on a Wi-Fi bearer.
- IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS): this architecture is used to allow multiple real-time applications to run across a single network.It is best to use with any access method as it work with intelligent networking (IN) and advanced intelligent networking (AIN) features.