Nanotechnology in spite of recent development in the scientific world has huge historical background. The core concepts were introduced in early fifties. The first ever concept was presented in 1959.by the famous professor of physics Dr. Richard P.Feynman while explaining the creation of molecular machines with accurate atomic precision. Although there were conflicts about the early theories by different scientists but later on experimental paradigms changed the minds of researchers. so in this way the idea for the new technology was born to facilitate the scientific research.
Journey since foundation
After the birth of nanotechnology it has covered a long distance to get properly introduced in the modern era in 1974 another Japanese scientist named Tanigushi used term nanotechnology in his research paper on ion sputter machine. In 1977 drexler originated the official concept of nanotechnology at MIT and in 1981 first technical paper on molecular nanotechnology was written which was an inspiration for building a machine using atomic precision. STM (Scanning Tunneling Microscopy was invented which was the first machine developed using nanotechnology in its construction. STM allows scientists to see and manipulate individual atoms.
In 1985 bucket wall another device was introduced and finally the first ever panel of researchers which was later on converted to an organization was formed in 1986.in the same year first book on nanotechnology titled (Engines of Creations the coming era of nanotechnology) was published and was also given away as the first Feynman prize in early nineties. In 1988 nanotechnology became a part of course for the first time at university of Stanford. International business machine (IBM) spelled in the form of individual atom to represent the very idea was presented in 1989 and the concept was declared original and practical in national conference of engineering in 1989.
After the success of nanotechnology journal in 1990 the Japan’s STA started sponsoring and funding the nanotech projects which provided ease and confidence to the developers to better develop their projects. In 1991 the bottom up approach was announced by MITI Japan and the institute also committed $200 million at carbon nanotube discovery during the routine projects of nanotech. In 1992 the textbook for students and testimonials published also supported the concept very well; engineering students started thinking atomically with the publication of the textbook. In 1995 first military application think tank was conceptualized by a panel of military engineers.196 grand prize 0f $250,000 was announced for the most genius machine developed by using nanotechnology. NASA begins working with its computational project on nanotech. First robot using nanotech systems was designed in 1997 which took the concept of nanotechnology a step ahead.
It was scientifically observed for the first time by the creation of the robot that nano technology and artificial intelligence can be combined to construct the best ever stimulation of human like machine. After the appearance of first report US government started officially supporting the nanotech development teams and implemented the concept even on regional basis in the continent of United States of America.
Nanotechnology at present.
With the start of new century the nanotechnology provide the world the high advancements in the filed of biology, chemistry, technology, medicine, literature, electronics and many other. The very recent development of nanotechnology is the bimolecular nanotechnology which holds great importance in the fundamental research in bio physics and computational improvements. In future the nanotechnology will play great role in discovering the new components and to enhance the existing technologies and this technology will last longer as it’s the latest one in the filed of sciences.