Definition of Mechanosynthesis
Mechanosynthesis is the synthesis in which chemical reactions are determined by some constraints for the individual reactions of different molecules. Its ground basis is the molecular nanotechnology.
It is defined as the chemical synthesis which uses mechanical constraints for the determination of chemical outcomes.
How Mechanosynthesis Works?
In the Mechanosynthesis molecules captures another molecules immediately through random thermal motions in the liquids or vaporization, molecules are attached with the mechanical systems and result is obtained by random mechanical motion of molecules these reactive molecules area then rearranged in the proper position and arrangements. Mechanosynthesis ignores the undesired reactions of the molecules. This is the synthesis which automatically obtains the best reaction of the reactant under processing.
Historical background of Mechanosynthesis
The phenomenon for moving individual atoms mechanically was proposed in 1986 by the Eric Drexler in his famous book the “Engines of Creations”. After the origination of the concept Mechanosynthesis took many projects in the field s of chemistry and gave birth to diamond Mechanosynthesis in 2005.scientsist and researchers are still working to explore this technology to find out new dimensions of creations. In 2008 grant of $3.1 billion was granted for the proposed systems of Mechanosynthesis in order to better develop the fool proof systems.
Diamond Mechanosynthesis is the type of Mechanosynthesis which involves synthesizing diamonds for removing the hydrogen atoms and transferring carbon atoms into the diamond nucleus. Diamond Mechanosynthesis is also known as the DMS in the field of mechanics. DMS makes the diamond sharper and shiner and the removal of hydrogen atom makes diamond more valuable and pure form of carbon. This synthesizing makes diamond tips more sharper fro cutting glass. After the removal of hydrogen atoms, carbon atoms are submitted into the diamond and they automatically gets rearranged with the old existing atoms of carbon in the diamonds. Diamond is not a conductor but exclusion of hydrogen atoms makes the diamond chargeable
Mechanosynthesis has valuable implementations and applications in different field of work for example in the field of biological sciences ribsome is one of the examples of such devices. Similarly in the sub field of microchemistry scanning tunneling microscopes, which have molecular fabrications and used for breaking strongest covalent atomic bonds. . After the required research in the future Mechanosynthesis would be having significant application in the medicine, aviation, and warfare manufacuring and resource extraction. At present mechanic researchers are focusing on carbon to utilize the utmost from this natural resource. For example diamond is the type of carbon which would of great significant to the machinery if its availability becomes cheaper.
Advantages of Mechanosynthesis
- Mechanosynthesis is one of the useful technique for synthesizing with the help of this technology we can explore the diversity of raw materials.
- With the help of Mechanosynthesis we can save the natural resources
- Materials like carbon, sulphur can be properly utilized.
- Great technological advancement could appear and new natural components could be found.
- Drugs and their reactions could be examined well with the help of Mechanosynthesis.
Risks of Mechanosynthesis
Mechanosynthesizing as we know is the form of molecular nanotechnology it also has the shortcoming for preserving the originality of the component. Disastrous outcomes and reactions could be the result of chemical synthesis. Mechanosynthesis would also explore the criminal use of natural resources for example diamond can instantly affect the nervous system when become in contact with human secretion. Researchers are still unable to find that how would diamond react to human secretion after the removal of hydrogen atoms from it.
Mechanosynthesis is the important and useful technology and it could have useful applications in the fields of medical and technological sciences for serving mankind.