Definition of Nanomedicine
Nanomedicine is the one of the most valuable medical application of nanotechnology.as the name specifies naomedicine involves the use of nano particles in the surgical and medical treatement of pateints.
we can say nanomedicine is the nanotechnology application which is used for engineering or binding molecular or atomic machines for the treatment of diseases in living organisms.
How nanomedicine works?
Nanomedicine as we know is the application which has diverse dimensions. Many intelligent and efficient instruments are helping doctors for the cure of diseases. It works at a molecular or atomic scale ,it designs the medical apparatus at extremely small scale to provide speed and high performance with low maintenance. Many devices such as bio sensor ,nano electronic instruments,pace makers,monitoring apparatus and advanced ECG machines, all these terrific machines are the invention of nanomedicine. The most advanced form of nanomedicine uses the nanorobots and nanoinstruments as surgeons. These kinds of machines might repair damaged cells, or get into the cells and replace or assist damaged intracellular structures at individual stage.
Nanomedicine advantages and applications
There is a huge range of Nanomedicine devices which involves medical applications of nanomaterials, nanoelectronic biosensors, and even more useful and practical future applications of molecular nanotechnology. In the field of medical and biological world nanomedicine has greater significance as this application has facilitated the mankind so well. There are many instruments, devices and machines which nanomedicine has introduced. Naomedicine have significant applications in the world of medical sciences. Its one of the major technologies which has highly supported the entire field of medicine. One of the biggest advantage of naonoemdicne is that it can transform common medical procedures into faster one with 90 percent accuracy rate. Some of the examples of such implicational procedures are given below:
Diagnosis using nanomedicine
Diagnostic nano-apparatus could be attached to keep check of the internal chemistry of the body. Mobile nanorobots, with wireless transmitters, could easily circulate in the blood and lymph systems and can, and send out alerts when chemical imbalances appear within the blood.
Nervous system tracking
Nanomedicine has also helped doctors to better understand the phenomenal changes in the human nervous systems. Fixed nanomachines could be inserted in the nervous system of the human body to monitor pulse rate, brain activity, and other important functions.
Live saving drugs are one of the important ingredients in the latest medicines but its unusual and its excess usage could cause death. Nanomedicine also has successful applications for the reduction of extra drugs from human body. Implantation of nanomedicine devices could disperse drugs or hormones as required in people with chronic imbalance or deficiency states.
Heart and ECG machine.
Advanced and fully equipped nanomedical heart trackers are present in the major hospitals to accurately track the heart beat and it’s down falls and also for treating it as needed in the body. In human heart defibrillators and pacemakers, nanodevices could influence the behavior of individual cells.
Nanomedicine was the first to conceptualize the artificial red and white blood cells and later on it successfully showed the positive results. Cancer patients are now treated by injecting artificial red blood cells to balance the human body blood level. Artificial antibodies, white & red blood cells and antiviral nanorobots could be considered as successful applications of nanomedicine.
Researchers have established the excellent device with the help of nanomedicine and in near future nanomedicine applications will be including activity monitors, chemotherapy, biochips, , insulin pumps, ,needle less injectors, medical flow sensors and blood pressure, glucose monitoring devices and drug injecting systems. At its best nanomedical machine may replicate back to them and could cover up the deficiencies by replacing or improving the DNA molecules of body.
Note: Useful video tutorial on what is nanomedicine