Definition of Molecular nanotechnology
Molecular nanotechnology is defined as the technology which is used for engineering the mechanical or functional machines at molecular scale or we can say machines having atom by atom arrangement are known as molecular machines. Its concept was originated in 1992 when the panel of researchers was exploring the diversity of nanotechnology. Usually molecular nanotechnology is abbreviated as MNT.
This is one of the most advanced forms of nanotechnology which is used to manufacture the machinery at miniature level. MNT would involve the physical demonstration of the existing principles of chemistry and physics.
How molecular nanotechnology works?
Molecular nanotechnology is quite different from nanotechnology; it works at the molecular level. It arranges and configures its devices and instruments atomically. This technology is based on the concept of nano arrangements of the machines to explore the new components form the existing ones. It doesn’t works on randomization of the molecules but on the systematic positioning of every single molecule.
Capabilities and applications of molecular nanotechnology
Molecular nanotechnology encompasses a wide range of applications in the filed of chemistry, medicine, electronics and research. It has the capability of retrieving the ability of a material to respond other materials differently for example nano sensors are one of the biggest inventions of molecular nanotechnology ,these sensors have the ability in them to respond the toxic and live saving drugs differently. Smart materials and tools, replicating robots, medical nanorobots all these devices have molecular arrangement in them. With the help of molecular nanotechnology the most efficient machines could be developed which would be of great advantage to the world.
Risks and disadvantages of molecular nanotechnology.
Massive to destructive weapons.
Molecular nanotechnology is on of the emerging technologies but thee are certain convincible issues and risks regarding this technology. Some researchers have significant point that excess advancement and generalism of molecular nanotechnology would make it easier for the criminal hands to approach the most destructive weapons easily and also nuclear weapons arrangement could be easily accessible which is very dangerous for the living world. Extreme utilization of molecular nanotechnology would make the nuclear weapons cheaper.
When Molecular technology would lead the fields of chemistry, physics, technology, electronics research and biological sciences, it would reduce the exploitation and discovery of new technologies. Researchers would work to explore the inner dimensions of molecular nanotechnology. This would badly affect the learning and scientific world will be bearing the technological singularity.
High material consumption
Scientist and engineers are having fear that self replicating Nanomechanical robots could consume the raw materials of the entire planet .which would one of the greatest destructions of robots to the world. Nano-mechanical robots could finish the natural raw materials.
One of the major issue in achieving the molecular nanotechnology is to separate the successful trail from those which are complete failure. Mechanism is almost same and its very hard to detect and recover the failure and errors in the molecular machines
Criticism and technical issue is present that reduce the reputation of molecular nanotechnology. it is argued that the existing theoretical frameworks would of no use till potential implementation appears to the naked eyes and we cannot predict the optimal paths of implementation with confidence. If we start blindly working on the molecular nanotechnology without any testifying samples than it would the waste of research funding. Huge research and conceptual theory is still required to properly implement the molecular nanotechnology.
Advantages of molecular nanotechnology
Molecular nano technology has great impact to the different sectors of work. Its major advantage is its extra ordinary atomic machineries and devices which are very helpful. The concept of mechanosynthesis is the result of molecular nanotechnology, which is of great importance in the field of electronics.
Note: View detail tutorial on introduction to molecular nanotechnology